Aflatoxin M1 Contamination in Traditional Yoghurts Produced in Guilan Province, Iran

Mohammad Reza Nikbakht, Shima Lachiniyan ,Saeid Rahbar, Farhad Oubari, Zahra Rostami, Ahmad Tajehmiri

Abstract


Aflatoxin M1 is a major carcinogenic compound that may be existed in dairy products. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of AFM1 in traditional yoghurt samples in Guilan Province (Northern Iran). Ninety samples of traditional yoghurts were collected during summer and autumn 2014. Enzyme linked Immunosorbentassay (ELISA) which is a rapid and sensitive method was used to determine the presence and levels of AFM1. 100% of the yoghurt samples were contaminated with 5 and 83 ng/kg of AFM1. In general, AFM1 in 20 samples (22.22%) were higher than the maximum tolerance limit (50 ng/kg) accepted by the European Union. It was therefore concluded that, high occurrence of AFM1 in yoghurt is a serious risk for public health.

Keywords


Aflatoxin M1, ELISA Traditional Yoghurt

Full Text:

PDF

References


Issazadeh K, Darsanaki RK, Pahlaviani MK. Occurrence

of aflatoxin M1 levels in local yogurt samples in Gilan

Province, Iran. Ann Biol Res. 2012; 3(8):3853–5.

Behfar A, Khorasgani ZN, Alemzadeh Z, Goudarzi M,

Ebrahimi R, Tarhani N. Determination of Aflatoxin M1

levels in produced pasteurized milk in Ahvaz City by using

HPLC. Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. 2012; 7(2):80–4.

Aliabadi MA, Issazadeh K, Darsanaki RK, Rokhi ML,

Amini A. Determination of Aflatoxin M1 levels in white

cheese samples by ELISA in Gilan Province, Iran. Global

Veterinaria. 2012; 8(7):707–10.

European Commission (EC). No 1881/2006 of 19 December

setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in

foodstuffs. Off J Eur Union. 2006; 364:5–24.

Mason S, Arjmandtalab S, Hajimohammadi B, Arsanjani

AK, Karami S, Sayadi M, Oryan A. Aflatoxin M1 contamination

in industrial and traditional yogurts produced in

Iran. Journal of Food Quality and Hazards Control. 2015;

:11–4.

Barjesteh MH, Gholampour I, Noshfar E. Occurrence

of Aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized and local yogurt in

Mazandaran Province (Northern of Iran) using ELISA.

Global Veterinaria. 2010; 4(5):459–62.

Tabari M, Tabari K, Tabari O. Aflatoxin M1 determination

in yoghurt produced in Guilan province of Iran using

immunoaffinity column and high-performance liquid

chromatography. Toxicology and Industerial Health. 2012;

(1):72–6.

Martins LM, Martins HM. Aflatoxin M1 in yogurts in

Portugal. International Journal of Food Microbiology.

; 91(3):315–7.

Sarimehmetoglu B, Kuplulu O, Celik TH. Detection of

Aflatoxin M1 in cheese samples by ELISA. Food Control.

; 15(1):45–9.

Akkaya L, Birdane YO, Oguz H, Cemek M. Occurrence

of Aflatoxin M1 in yogurt samples from Afyonkarahisar,

Turkey. Bull Vet InstPulawy. 2006; 50:517–9.

Srivastava VP, Bu-Abbas A, Al-Johar W, Al-Mufti S,

Siddiqui MKJ. Aflatoxin M1 contamination in commercial

samples of milk and dairy products in Kuwait. Food Addit

Contam. 2001; 18(11):993–7.

Kim EK, Shon DH, Ryu D, Park JW, Hwang HJ, Kim YB.

Occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 in Korean dairy products

determined by ELISA and HPLC. Food Additive and

Contamination. 2000; 17(1):59–64.

Zanjani BR, Rahmani R, Sorkhabadi SMR, Aryan E,

Oskouei Z, Sadeghi M, Mood MB. A survey on Aflatoxin

M1 in raw milk of Fariman City, Khorasan Province, Iran.

Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. 2015; 10(2):1–4.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

 

Listed as Green Publisher

Powered by Informatics India Ltd