Appendectomized Patient and Infections after Surgery

Mohammad Reza Asgary Hosein Hemmati

Abstract


Appendicitis is one of the common surgeries all over the world, and its diagnosis is difficult and based on clinical
examinations or its symptoms. Moreover, after the surgery is accomplished, it is probable that the patient is faced with
certain problems and complications. In this regard, the present study was carried out in order to review the infections
caused after appendicitis surgery. The databases like PubMed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct and relevant articles
were collected, in which keywords like appendicitis surgery, perforation, laparoscopy, and infection had been used. A total
number of 6,000 articles were retrieved, out of which, 74 relevant articles were examined. The results of the present
study indicated that perforated appendix can be the biggest cause of infection and abscess after intra-abdominal surgery.
An increase in the level of C-reactive protein and leukocytes is accompanied with the risk of postoperative complications
including infection and abscess. Numerous studies have reported that formation of infection and abscess after laparoscopic
appendectomy is a little more than open appendectomy. It is not necessary to consume antibiotics after a non-perforated
appendectomy. It is sufficient to consume antibiotics for 3 to 5 days after a perforated appendectomy to prevent infection
and abscess. With the above results now it is evident that the appendicitis and its complications are still a common problem
among people all over the world. There is still much to discuss among the surgeons with regards to appendicitis and its
complications.


Keywords


Appendectomy, Infection, Laparoscopic, Perforating

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