REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF EUPHORBIA HIRTA LINN.
Medicinal herbs are the local heritage with global importance. Medicinal herbs
have curative properties due to presence of various complex chemical substance of
different composition, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more
parts of these plants. These plant metabolites according to their composition are grouped
as alkaloids, glycosides, corticosteroids, essential oils etc. Euphorbia hirta, (family-
Euphorbiaceae) is an herb found in many parts of the world. In Sanskrit it means
“Dugadhika” According to the Doctrine of Signatures, the plant has a reputation for
increasing milk flow in women, because of its milky latex, and is used for other female
complaints as well as diseases of the respiratory tract. The plant has been reported as
increase in urine output, antidiarrheal, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory etc.
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